Management pioneers were influential in the early years of management. They helped create concepts and theories that helped modern organizations become more successful. In this article, we look at the contributions of these pioneers to total quality management and the lessons we can learn from them. We also examine the theories that they proposed.
After reading the theories, we can apply them to our management. Also, you will be able to fulfill your “write my essay” needs.
Lessons learned from management pioneers
One of the first steps to learning more about management is understanding the discipline’s history. Since management is such a new discipline, it’s essential to know how its ideas developed and were applied in their environment. The following essays from management pioneers offer insights into how the history of management came about.
New ideas from the division of labor and the use of advanced technologies fueled the advent of the factory system. However, it brought new pressures on managers, owners, and society. These four management pioneers proposed ways to address these pressures. Ultimately, their ideas shaped the development of management today.
Theories proposed by management pioneers
In the early 20th century, there was a movement to change how businesses ran. Frederick Winslow Taylor, a mechanical engineer, wrote a book called “The Principles of Scientific Management” in 1909. His philosophy focused on the importance of simplification of jobs and the need to coordinate managers and employees. In the past, most companies were dictatorships, with managers having little contact with workers.
George Terry’s Principles of Management adopted Fayol’s Framework of Functions, combining commanding and controlling into actualizing. Another pioneer, Harold Koontz, looked at management theory from the perspective of Human Relations, advocating that managers treat their employees tactfully.
Another pioneer was Cyril O’Donnell, a professor and management theorist who published several papers and a textbook with Koontz. Both men focused on the roles that managers play in an organization.
However, it is essential to note that management theories developed in the early to mid-19th centuries were not perfect. Those pioneers often ignored other crucial aspects of management. Effective management requires efficient processes involving teamwork in today’s business environment.
Employees’ motivation depends on collaboration, and all parts of an organization must function harmoniously to achieve the overall goal. The best managers are also able to double the potential of their people.
A significant turning point in management history occurred during the industrial revolution. This event sparked a great debate on the theories of management. In the years that followed, there were many new concepts developed. Today, there are six main theories of leadership.
Contributions of management pioneers to total quality
In the early 1900s, W. Edwards Deming and Joseph M. Juran were the leading experts on total quality management. These pioneers formulated a formula that helped improve productivity and eliminate quality problems. It included clear accountability for results and rewards for meeting them. These pioneers believed that poor management and artistry led to quality problems and aimed to remedy this.
After the Second World War, W. Edwards Deming worked with automobile manufacturers in Japan to improve quality, helping the country rebuild after the war. Other pioneers of total quality management, such as Joseph Juran and Philip Crosby, emphasized the need for continuous improvement in organizations. However, they also noted that organizations must meet the expectations of their customers to remain competitive.
In the 1960s, Dr. Lillian Gilbreth was known as the “first lady of management.” She pursued a doctorate in psychology and assisted Frank in his work. She eventually authored a book, The Psychology of Management. Her research into total quality management impacted a wide variety of industries.
Another pioneer of total quality management, Joseph Juran, was born in Romania in 1904. He gained an electrical engineering degree in the United States and began his career working for the Bell System. While working there, he introduced the concepts of quality control and statistical sampling. He later became an administrator in the Lend-Lease Administration and continued his work on quality management.