Cannabis plant mutations are a natural occurrence that can alter the plant’s features. They are most common in the leaves, flowers, and stems. There are a few mutations that can impair plant growth, but most mutations that don’t create a deformity can enable your plant to grow in an unusual way without compromising its health, allowing your plants to grow regularly.
These cannabis mutations can cause your plant to have unusually colored leaves, have an unusual amount of apexes, or even produce more branches than it should. Although most growers prefer not to produce deformed plants, it can be entertaining and educational to observe how a mutation cannabis plant matures.
In this article, you will learn about the various types of cannabis mutations.
Number of fingers on a leaf
In some circumstances, an odd amount of fingers in each leaf is considered a mutation, but it could simply be a genetic trait of that strain. Despite the fact that the usual number of apexes, also known as fingers, is seven, hybrid strains with more or less apexes are fairly frequent, depending on the genetic mix.
However, there are a number of mutations that can influence not just the amount of apexes, whether they develop more or less than normal, but also how they grow. Some strains, for example, can reach 11 or even more apexes, which can be due to genetics if they grow normally or a mutation if the growth is exceptional.
As you can see, this mutation can occur in a variety of ways, but the leaves fingers will always develop in a different direction than you’re used to. This form of mutation does not just apply if a leaf produces a large number of apexes. Remember that mutation can also lead to a cannabis leaf to grow a few apexes.
These one-fingered leaves are similar to those that appear when a photoperiodic plant revegetates, but you won’t be confused since revegetating occurs while your plant is already blossoming and the light cycle returns to 12/12. Therefore, if this is due to mutation, it means a one-fingered leaf can start to grow after the change happens. A one-fingered leaf can also start growing and germinating.
Peculiar leaf shape
Besides a cannabis leaf having strange apex numbers, it may also have an uncommon form, which is a mutation. But this can be hard to come by compared to having an unusual few apexes. It’s worth noting that a cannabis leaf form doesn’t determine the growth of the plant.
Instead, a cannabis plant can keep on growing normally, though it can have varied cannabis leaves. There is also a good chance that there can be mutations that may simply affect a couple of leaves. In this case, then your cannabis plant can develop normal cannabis leaves, but there may still be some altered cannabis leaves in the plant.
Many growers and breeders are now looking after these mutations and attempting to stabilize them. This is why you may find multiple cannabis strains that generate leaves similar. When a breeder discovers a mutation, they crossbreed it until the random mutation becomes a whole strain, with offsprings that can always develop the same mutation.