Electric bikes or e-bikes have recently seen steady growth in popularity due to its advantages. The e-bike had been around since the ‘90s, but it is now becoming a viable choice for bikers due to its improved battery technology which extends its range. Moreover, electrically assisted power on a bicycle will notably improve a rider’s experience. It can help during those dreaded inclines or as you utilize it for daily transportation.
Its motor can also alleviate the extra weight of your belongings and help eliminate sweating, enabling you to arrive at your workplace while still looking fresh. Another thing is that since it is a bicycle, there is no need to have a license or registration for its usage. Finally, it is still very much a means of exercise!
Various types of electric bikes differ in design and power configuration. According to experts from www.ridetwowheels.com, there are various factors to consider before purchasing an e-bike. Some of these circumstances include how the bike will be used, the distance of travel, type of terrain, and the assistance needed by the user. To help with the decision, here are the typical types of Electric Bikes.
Types of E-Bikes
Pedal Assist or Pedelec
Recognized as the most common of all types of electric bikes. As the name implies, the user must operate the pedals so that the motor can be utilized. It is somewhat similar to a traditional bike with the only difference of the motor aiding the user in pedalling.
This allows for higher speeds, even in high gear and for smoother climbing. In Europe, this type has a maximum speed of 25 kph (15 mph) and 32 kph (20 mph) for the US. This type is allowed on most roads with no requirement for a driver’s license and age limit.
This second type of e-bike has a motor that is controlled by a throttle. With the throttle, no additional pedalling is required from the user for the bike to move forward. Users operate the pedal mainly to increase the duration of the bike’s battery. However, these bikes are uncommon as there are conflicting regulations on the use of these types in different countries.
Various states also imply different rules for the use and ownership of e-bikes. Throttle only e-bikes are common in the US and in the Chinese market. The maximum speed of this type is 32 kph or 20 mph with no requirement for a driver’s license and no age limit.
Another name for this type is the Pedal Assist 28mph. Considered as the fastest “legal” e-bike but still considered a bicycle. A helmet is required in most countries as the maximum speed of this bike is 45kph or 28mph. Unlike the other types, an age limit of 17 years or older is imposed with a mandatory helmet usage.
In choosing an E-Bike, the rider must also consider the placement of the motors.
Front Hub Motor
The most straightforward design with the most limited capability. This motor is used mostly with throttle systems. This design the least common system due to limitations such as issues with traction and complex cornering during acceleration. Although this is mostly implemented in inexpensive conversion kits.
Rear Hub Motor
This system is useful for throttle and pedelec e-bikes with a switch for its activation. A disadvantage is the challenge of handling because of the uneven distribution of weight due to the motor’s location in the rear wheel.
This motor system is always applied to a pedelec type since pedalling is required to activate the motor. The delivery of more torque and the even distribution of this motor makes it the most preferred motor system.
Additionally, the central placement of the motor enables its integration with the bike’s bottom bracket and cranks. For smoother riding experience, a torque sensor can be integrated with this system. The sensor can measure the amount of input from the user to match the rider’s intensity.
Electric bikes are truly one of the best alternative commuting vehicles. But before selecting the type best for you, attempt to study the types of e-bikes and the motor systems. If you need a little assistance in pedalling, a pedelec will be perfect or opt for the speed type for higher speeds.
A throttle type is best if you intend to do less pedalling. Motor placement is also significant, and most can be installed to all kinds except for the mid-drive system, which is employed only to pedelecs.